The cervical spine otherwise known as the neck consists of bones, nerves, ligaments, muscles and tendons. It is strong and flexible structure allows movement to occur in all directions.
The neck is located between the base of the skull and the upper back known as the thoracic spine. The neck entails 7 vertebral segments which surrounds the spinal cord.
There are discs present between these vertebrae.
The role of the cervical spine:
It protects the spinal cord. The spinal cord are nerves from the brain that runs through the back until the lumbar spine (lower back). The function of the spinal cord is to relay messages from the brain to the body.
Allows blood to flow to the brain
The cervical spine provides a pathway for the blood to travel through the brain via vertebral arteries. The cervical spine contains vertebral openings. No other part of the spine contains these openings.
The cervical spine supports the head and the various movements of the head.
Causes of the Neck Pain
This is a common problem and many get better after several days or weeks.
Amongst the causes are the following:
Physical examination during rest and motion
Scan – CAT,MRI, myelogram
Electrical tests such as electromyography (EMG) and nerve conduction velocity test (NCV).
This is dependent on the cause. The fundamental manner is to avoid neck injury.
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